As the society develops and standards of living elevate, people are increasingly paying more attention to health, with more and more engaging in physical exercise. While physical exercise helps to improve our health, prevent diseases and promote longevity, it is not uncommon to hear of sports injury, sports diseases, or even sudden deaths due to sports. During competitive sports, sports injury can cause an athlete to stop training or withdraw from competition; while for the general public engaging in sports and fitness, sports injury tends to bring about negative psychological impact upon the society, preventing normal development of sports. Therefore, prior to engaging in physical exercise, it is essential to understand the common causes of sports injury and master the knowhow of prevention and rehabilitation due to such injury.
The common causes of sports injuries are multi-faceted and are closely related to the athlete’s age, gender, weight, physiology, psychological state, training, skills, anatomy and external environmental factors.
For the teenager, his bones develop at a slower pace than his tendons, thus injuries tend to occur at the muscle tendon that is attached to the bone. For the elderly, the organic content within the bone has deteriorated and the bone is brittle, often resulting in fractures. Women suffering from menstruation disorders will be prone to fatigue fracture caused by a drop in oestrogen.
People who are obese have poorer flexibility and endurance, causing the joints to suffer from wear and tear sooner than others. When one exercises under extreme fatigue, one’s energy, precision level, coordination ability, alertness and attentiveness will be significantly reduced, thereby increasing the risk of sports injury.
Every sport has its vulnerability for injury. For example, tennis players tend to suffer from “tennis elbow”; long-distance runners tend to suffer from lateral knee pain syndrome. In addition, external environmental factors are also possible causes of sports injury. Some of these could be slippery roads after a rain, temperatures that are too high, too low or too humid, inappropriate attire and footwear, lack of protective gear, or a sports ground that is uneven or littered with stones and debris.